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Factors and Multiples

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Example showing common multiplesFinding factors and multiples of numbers helps solve many mathematical problems. It is also very useful when working with fractions e.g. adding 1/3 and 1/2.

This section includes explanations of what factors and multiples are, prime numbers and composite numbers.


Select from the links above or from the menu options to learn more about factors and multiples.

Example of prime factorizationThere are also worked examples showing how to do prime factorization using factor trees as well using the greatest common factor to solve problems.

Factors and Multiples Worksheets

You'll find the worksheets below under Resources section of and they are also listed individually on the pages in this section that contain related guidance and worked examples.

Number Strips/ Factor Pairs

The worksheets below are also listed in the Multiplication Worksheets section.

extract from factor pairs worksheet
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