# How to help with fractions

When children experience
difficulty in math it often begins when they are introduced to fractions.
Before fractions, children have only known counting numbers and the
one-to-one relationship between these numbers and the set of objects
the number
represents.

The difficulty can arise when the students need to think
about rational numbers in a different way.

Imagine two children each
with a cake.

Child one has the cake divided into six parts and child
two’s is in three parts.

Thinking additively as he has always done,
child two thinks child one has more cake; he doesn’t think of the
cake as the unit.

Children need to learn to think differently in order
to understand fractions.

### Teaching fractions to your child

You can guide your child through the process of learning fractions.
Use these tips to help answer questions they might have about fractions:

- think about sharing equally
- the numerator is the number of the top
- the denominator is the number of the bottom (memory tip:
*d* is
for denominator, *d* is for down – at the bottom
- Like with all math, experiencing the concept is the best for learning.
Use objects and share them. Pizza is always popular.
- Discuss fractions with your child whenever you come across a “real
life” example. Sporting events, newspaper articles and hardware
stores are all good sources.
- Review the methods for adding, multiplying and dividing fractions
yourself. You might just have forgotten some of the rules that you
will need to know in order to help with fractions.

### Fraction Lesson: Introducing Fractions

This short lesson introduces fractions and illustrates the use of numerators and denominators.

The above lesson includes audio (so remember to switch on your speakers). Use the play/ pause button if you need to stop and start the lesson. This fraction lesson is number 1 of 6 and introduces fractions with an illustrated discussion on their use and on how they are written and spoken using numerators and denominators.

#### Related Fractions Lessons

Introducing Fractions

### Fraction Cards

You can use the fraction cards below to help introduce fractions. Each
card shows a fraction both with numbers and graphically.

Idea: Use the option on the documents below to
turn the numbers and/ or the shading off and get your child to create
his or her own fraction cards.