Area tells us the size of a shape or figure. It tells us the size of squares, rectangles, circles, triangles, other polygons, or any enclosed figure.
In the real world it tells us the size of pieces of paper, computer screens, rooms in houses, baseball fields, towns, cities, countries, and so on. Knowing the area can be very important. Think of getting a new carpet fitted in a room in your home. Knowing the area of the room will help make sure that the carpet you buy is big enough without having too much left over.
Area is measured in squares (or square units).
How many squares are in this rectangle?
We can count the squares or we can take the length and width and use multiplication. The rectangle above has an area of 15 square units.
The area of a rectangle is = length x width
Examples of calculating the area of a rectangle
Area = Length x Width Area = 3 x 2 = 6 square units 

Area = Length x Width Area = 8 x 6 = 48 square units 

Area = Length x Width Area = 9 x 5 = 45 square units 
We measure area using squares. We use different sizes of squares depending on how big or small an area is.
Example  Length of side on Squares  Unit 
Size of the nail on your thumb 
Millimeter 
mm^{2} 
Size of piece of paper 
Centimeter 
cm^{2} 
Size of a room 
Meter 
m^{2} 
Size of a town 
Kilometer 
km^{2} 
Don't forget the wee 2 
We write square sizes using a small ^{2} next to the unit. We write mm^{2}, cm^{2}, m^{2} , km^{2}, cm^{2} We can say "63 millimeters squared" or " 63 square millimeters" 
We could use small squares to measure large areas. The only problem with this is that we would end up having to use very big numbers. For example, a field might be measured at 5,000,000,000 square millimeters when 5,000 square meters would be a much easier size to say, write, and visualize.
You will probably hear more units for measuring area; square inches, square feet, square yards, square miles, acres, hectares are all units used for measuring area.
Area = Length x Width Area = 9 mm x 4 mm = 36 mm^{2} 

Area = Length x Width Area = 7 cm x 6 cm = 42 cm^{2} 

Area = Length x Width Area = 8 m x 2 m = 16 m^{2} 

Area = Length x Width Area = 7 km x 5 km = 35 km^{2} 
The length and width of a square are the same so we just need to multiply the length by the length.
Area = Length x Length Area = 6 cm x 6 cm = 36 cm^{2} 
Print out the worksheets listed below and use them for practice when learning how to calculate the area of squares and rectangles.
You will find more printable geometry worksheets here.