Teaching multiplication to your child
On this page
you will find information, suggested links, and other resources to help
you to help your child with multiplication. These include (click or scroll
Discuss and explore with your child the concepts of grouping
and repeated addition with your child use real examples with objects
that are in their everyday life.
While playing with and handling such
objects be sure to introduce and use some of the words below.
- Groups of - 3 groups of 2 make
- Sets of - 2 sets of 4 make 8.
- Lots of - 2 lots of 2 make 4.
- Multiplied -3 multiplied by 4 is 12
- Product - the product of 5 and
3 is 15.
- Times - 3 times 2 is 6.
Don't overlook the multiplication sign ( x ). Be
sure your child knows what it means and doesn't confuse it with other
signs such as the addition ( + ) sign.
Before focusing on memorization and recall of multiplication facts you should encourage your children to develop their understanding of multiplication. Use the words above as you illustrate, explore and manipulate objects to show different representations of multiplication. Using these multiplication matching cards will help develop a good understanding of multiplication.
Learning Multiplication Facts
By the end of 2nd Grade most children should have started to develop
an understanding of multiplication through working with equal size
groups of objects and through joining, or adding, these groups together.
This repeated joining/ addition is one of the first multiplication
strategies to be learned.
There are many different strategies and activities that can help with
learning multiplication facts. Two of these are listed below:
- Check out Michele's
Multiplication Tips for some advice on helping your child
to memorize multiplications facts
- Visit Susan Greenwald's web site to read tips on how to help your
child memorize multiplication facts
You can use these printable multiplication
flashcards to practice memorizing basic multiplication
facts and these multiplication games will
Commutative Property: a x b = b x a
Be sure your child knows that it does not matter the order in which
two numbers are multiplied. For example, if he or she knows that 5
x 6 = 30, then he or she should know that 6 x 5 = 30. This will almost
half the number of facts that need to be memorized. Use objects to
model this with your child. Use the illustration below as an example.
|Commutative Property of Multiplication
o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
|3 groups of 5
||5 groups of 3
|3 x 5
||5 x 3
Try the worksheet below for more practice with basic multiplication
You'll find more free multiplication worksheets and activities here.